We present two examples of compound distributions to illustrate the general formulas presented in the previous post (An introduction to compound distributions).
For the examples below, let be the number of claims generated by either an individual insured or a group of independent insureds. Let be the individual claim amount. We consider the random sum . We discuss the following properties of the aggregate claims random variable :
- The distribution function
- The mean and higher moments: and
- The variance:
- The moment generating function and cumulant generating function: and .
- Skewness: .
The number of claims for an individual insurance policy in a policy period is modeled by the binomial distribution with parameter and . The individual claim, when it occurs, is modeled by the exponential distribution with parameter (i.e. the mean individual claim amount is ).
The distribution function is the weighted average of a point mass at , the exponential distribution and the Erlang-2 distribution function. For , we have:
The mean and variance are are follows:
The following calculates the higher moments:
The moment generating function . So we have:
Note that and .
For the cumulant generating function, we have:
For the measure of skewness, we rely on the cumulant generating function. Finding the third derivative of and then evaluate at , we have:
In this example, the number of claims follows a geometric distribution. The individual claim amount follows an exponential distribution with parameter .
One of the most interesting facts about this example is the moment generating function. Note that . The following shows the derivation of :
The moment generating function is the weighted average of a point mass at and the mgf of an exponential distribution with parameter . Thus this example of compound geometric distribution is equivalent to a mixture of a point mass and an exponential distribution. We make use of this fact and derive the following basic properties.
Mean and Higher Moments
Cumulant Generating Function